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© 2013 Georgia O'Keeffe Museum/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Reproduction, including downloading of works, is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artist Rights Society (ARS), New York.
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Yellow Cactus
1940
20th Century
Image Size: 12  x 16 in.
Frame Size: 12 15/16 x 16 15/16 x 1 1/2 in.
http://arsny.com


Georgia O'Keeffe
(Sun Prairie, WI, 11/15/1887 - 3/06/1986, Santa Fe, NM)
Primary


Object Type: Painting
Medium and Support: Oil on Canvas
Credit Line: Fifth purchase made possible by the Louise Jordan Smith Fund, 1944
Accession Number: M.1944.2

Bibliography: Object bibliography:
An American Perspective: Paintings from the Maier Museum of Art, Randolph-Macon Woman's College. Raleigh: North Carolina Museum of Art, 1985, cover and no. 31.

Fitzgerald, Harriet, "Georgia O'Keeffe," Alumnae Bulletin vol. 38 (1944): 1.

Hurt, Frances Hallam, "The Virginia Years of Georgia O'Keeffe," Commonwealth Magazine (Oct ober 1980): 38.

Lynes, Barbara Buhler. Georgia O'Keeffe Catalogue Raisonné. Vol. 2. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999, 626.

Peters, Sarah Whitaker. "Georgia O'Keeffe: Unsubmissive Modernist," American Art Review vol. 15, no. 2 (April 2003): 113.

Sargent, Sarah. "Treasures in Lynchburg," Virginia Living (December 2003): 94-95.

Schall, Ellen M., John Wilmerding and David M. Sokol. American Art: American Vision, Paintings from a Century of Collecting.  Lynchburg, VA: Maier Museum of Art, 1990, pp. 124-125.

Sokol, David M. "American Art in the Maier Museum of Art, Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Lynchburg, Virginia," Antiques vol. 136, no. 5 (1989): 1146.

Wiley, Lib, "Famed Artist Comments on Life," The Advance (Lynchburg),  27 September 1966.

Williams, Mary Frances. Catalogue of the Collection of American Art at Randolph-Macon Woman's College: A Selection of Paintings, Drawings, and Prints. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1977, 132-134.

Williams, Mary Frances. Catalogue of the Collection of American Painting at Randolph-Macon Woman's College. Lynchburg, VA: Randolph-Macon Woman's College, 1965, pp. 72-73.

Williams, Mary Frances, "Paintings as Teachers," Arts in Virginia vol. 2 (1962): 24.

Williams, Mary Frances, "The Randolph-Macon Woman's College Collection," Art Journal vol.32 (1972/73): 194.

Artist bibliography:
Cowart, Jack and Juan Hamilton. Georgia O'Keeffe: Arts and Letters. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 1987.

Eldredge, Charles C. Georgia O'Keeffe: American and Modern. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Fine, Ruth et al. O'Keeffe on Paper. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 2000.

Kelm, Bonnie G., ed. and Ann C. Madonia ed. Georgia O'Keeffe in Williamsburg. Williamsburg, VA: The Muscarelle Museum of Art, 2001.

Lynes, Barbara Buhler. Georgia O'Keeffe Catalogue Raisonné. 2 vols. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Peters, Sarah Whitaker. "Georgia O'Keeffe: Unsubmissive Modernist," American Art Review vol. 15, no. 2 (April 2003): 106-13.



Commentary: Georgia O’Keeffe is known for her immense and singular abstract natural forms, but "Yellow Cactus," with its small and bright multiple blooms, is a symbol of her transition to desert imagery after many visits to New Mexico. She eventually settled there and spent the rest of her life at Ghost Ranch near Santa Fe.

"Yellow Cactus" was first seen by Randolph-Macon Woman’s College alumna and New York artist Harriet Fitzgerald in Stieglitz’s gallery.  Fitzgerald visited the painting often, intent on purchasing it for the College, but she lacked the necessary funds. Stieglitz personally agreed to reject all offers for "Yellow Cactus" for an entire year, allowing the College enough time to raise money for its purchase. In a letter to President Jack, Fitzgerald writes of Stieglitz: “He feels that, while all of her paintings are beautiful, this is a ‘gem, one of the perfect paintings.’” In the November 1944 Alumnae Bulletin announcing the acquisition, Fitzgerald wrote: “She takes us into a new world….This little canvas, "Yellow Cactus," is just as large in quality of conception as any painting by O’Keeffe.  It is a little masterpiece.”


Exhibition: "Exhibition of Georgia O'Keeffe," An American Place, New York, January 27-March 11, 1941.

"Art Between the Two World Wars," Randolph-Macon College, Ashland, VA, April 10-12, 1964.

"Georgia O'Keeffe and Her Circle," McKissick Museum, University of South Carolina, Columbia, and Gibbes Gallery, Charleston, August 20-November 9, 1980.

"Fifteen Paintings from the Collection of Randolph-Macon Woman's College," circulated by the R-MWC Alumnae Association to Nashville, Birmingham, Atlanta, and Asheville, October 10, 1949-January. 31, 1950.

"Randolph-Macon Woman's College Collection," Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, September 11-October 18, 1964.

"Selections from the Randolph-Macon Woman's College Collection," Roanoke Fine Arts Center, December 6, 1964-January 17, 1965.

"Two Centuries of American Painting from the Collection of Randolph-Macon Woman's College," organized by the Tampa chapter of the R-MWC Alumnae Association and circulated to Tampa, Orlando, Gainesville, and Jacksonville, February 27-August 1, 1965.

"Paintings from the Collection of American Painting at Randolph-Macon Woman's College," circulated to Wilmington, DE; Oxford, PA; Montclair; Greensboro; Louisville, and Nashville, October 10, 1966-July 30, 1967.

"The Randolph-Macon Woman's College Collection of American Art," organized by the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, and circulated by an artmobile to universities and colleges, 1969-1970.

"Randolph-Macon at Reynolda House," Winston-Salem, March 17-26, 1972.

"An American Perspective: Paintings from The Maier Museum of Art, Randolph-Macon Woman's College," North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, December 14, 1985-January 26, 1986.

"American Masterworks: Oils from the Maier Museum of Art, Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Drawings and Watercolors from the Collection of Amherst College," Sunrise Museums, Charleston, WV, May 31-August 15, 1986.

"American Art: American Vision, Paintings from a Century of Collecting," Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, January 25-March 4, 1990; Terra Museum of American Art, Chicago, March 17-April 29, 1990; Tampa Museum of Art, May 14-July 8, 1990; High Museum of Art, Atlanta, November 24, 1992-January 17, 1993; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., April 24-July 11, 1993.

"Georgia O'Keeffe from Southern Collections," Weatherspoon Art  Museum, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, March 2-April 27, 2003.

"Georgia O’Keeffe: Place and Influence," Loveland Museum, Loveland Colorado, September 27-December 31, 2014.


Provenance: An American Place (Alfred Stieglitz).
R-MWC Art Collection. Purchase from the above, 1944.

Keywords:

  • Painting
  • Oil
  • 20th Century
  • Female
  • Still Life

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Keywords:

  • Artist:Female
  • Century:20th Century
  • Painting
  • Painting:Oil
  • Subject Type:Still Life

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